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Analysis of world mould manufacturing industry

  • Categories:Industry dynamic
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  • Time of issue:2019-12-13 19:48
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Analysis of world mould manufacturing industry

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The major mold manufacturers in the world include Japan, South Korea and Mainland China in Asia, the United States of America and Germany in Europe. This paper aims to introduce the mould industry in various countries and analyze the competitiveness of China's mould industry and the differences with other countries' mould industry.

1. Mold industry in various countries
In the world mold production and consumption country, the Chinese mainland mold production enterprises and practitioners account for the vast majority. State-owned enterprises account for 70%, and foreign-funded enterprises also account for a large proportion. Some large mold factories have 600 to 700 employees, and some have thousands of mold workers. Cikmold company as an example, the company is a ISO 9001 certified large enterprises, specializing in injection mold, mold manufacturing, mold manufacturing, casting mold, rubber mold, mold design, die casting and other industries, in China has nearly 6000 employees. Medium-sized enterprises have 150-300 workers, while small mold factories have at least 50 workers. However, the mold industry in other countries is dominated by small and medium-sized factories.

In terms of product categories, Japan and mainland China concentrated on injection mold and plastic mold in 2009, reaching more than 80%. In terms of market applications, automobile moulds are mainly made in Japan, South Korea, the United States and Germany, while electronic and telecommunication moulds are mainly made in China.

According to the import and export status of each country, Japan, South Korea and Germany are strong export-oriented countries of mold, while mainland China and the United States are strong countries for mold import, domestic production cannot fill the demand of large mold market, and must rely on import. An analysis of the 2009 report on importing and exporting countries shows that most countries are neighbors, but unusually Japan mainly exports molds to the United States and is turning its attention to mainland China because of China's rapid economic development.

In terms of compensation, German engineers are the best paid, followed by Japan and the United States, and mainland China is the least paid, according to a 2009 white paper on the mold industry published by the US Foreign Trade Commission. It is clear that there is a big gap in labor costs between mainland China and other countries.

2. Advantages and disadvantages of the mold industry in different countries
Japan, the United States, Germany and other technologically advanced countries in the design, manufacture of high-precision composite mold in a leading position, with a large number of skilled research and development personnel. Japanese mold makers focus on polishing and grinding, while German mold makers focus more on improving efficiency and accuracy to save processing time. In the market, the Japanese mold industry output or domestic demand has declined significantly. In terms of operating costs, faced with high wages and high welfare, downstream industries and mold manufacturers are gradually shifting their production bases to emerging industrial parks and less developed countries to reduce labor costs and enhance price competitiveness. However, this will inevitably lead to technology leasing and stimulate these countries to invest more in development funds and expand the processing and design of gas technologies.

Compared with these countries, China and South Korea lack technology, but have a lot of cheap labor, which makes their products more competitive in the market.

Conclusion 3.
Mould production enterprises in general to small and medium-sized enterprises. As a result, they often have trouble collecting operating costs and can't stay strong without the support of government and tax incentives. With the exception of China and South Korea, all countries face high labor costs, and the only way to solve this problem is to increase the value added of their products.

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